Unived Plant-Based Whole Food Multivitamin

Plant Based Whole Food Multivitamin, Organic Fruits Vegetables & Superfoods, Complete Vitamins A, B-Complex, C, D3, E, K2-7, All Natural for Men & Women, 60 Vegan Capsules

 950.00

Whole Food Plant Based – Organic blend of Fruits Vegetables & Superfoods

Vitamin A, Vitamin B-Complex, Vitamin C, Vitamin D3, Vitamin K2-7, Vitamin E, Biotin, and Minerals, all in one Natural Whole Food Vegan capsule.

Natural vitamin sources also carry co-factors such as various enzymes, phytonutrients, and minerals, which aid in the absorption & utilization of the vitamins. Natural vitamins are highly bio-avaliable and provide a longer half-life in the body.

Supports energy metabolism, reduces fatigue and improves overall wellness. Helps maintain healthy blood flow, cognitive & heart functions, promotes bone health & boosts immunity.

Suitable for men & women, two capsules a day, 60 vegan capsules per bottle, 1 month supply.

Available: 40 in stock

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Unived’s Plant-Based Natural Whole Food Multivitamin is made with all natural ingredients, a multivitamin blend of organic fruits, vegetables, and superfoods, which give all of the B-vitamins as well as key minerals Magnesium, Zinc, and Sodium, along with plant-based sources of Vitamin D3 (Vitashine, Cholecalciferol from Lichen) Vitamin K2-7 (MenaquinGold K2-7 as MK-7 from fermented Chickpeas), Vitamin A (as Beta-Carotene from Dunaliella salia), and Vitamin E (as α-tocopherol from Soya Oilseed), to make this a complete whole food multivitamin. We have also added Piper nigrum, as it plays a positive role in enhancing the bio-availability of the vitamins.

Our Natural Whole Food Multivitamin meets 100% of the recommended daily allowances of almost all vitamins, making one of the purest and best formulations on the market, suitable for both men & women. Our Plant-based Whole Food Multivitamin is not just for those who have a vitamin deficiency, it can and should be used by everyone, to ensure your body is receiving a wholesome and complete supply of all the essential vitamins.

Key Product Features

  • Plant Based Whole Food source of Vitamins & Minerals
  • Provides 100% RDA of most vitamins
  • Supports energy metabolism, reduces fatigue and improves overall wellness
  • Helps maintain healthy blood flow, cognitive & heart functions
  • Helps promote bone health & boosts immunity and may prevent the risk of health problems associated with vitamin deficiency
  • Organic vitamin sources offer Improved absorption, black pepper extract increase bio-availability
  • More bio available and bio active vitamins which have a longer half-life in the body
  • Whole Food Multivitamins ensures natural co-factors are present which aid absorption & utilization
  • Vegan capsules made with Plant-based Whole Food Multivitamin Blend
  • 1 Month Supply – 60 Vegan Capsules

Unived Whole Food MultivitaminNutritional Facts

Unived Plant Based Whole Food Multivitamin NFUnived Natural Whole Food Multivitamin

  • Serving size = 2 Capsules
  • Plant-based Natural Whole Food Multivitamin Blend: (Organic Moringa Powder, Organic Broccoli Powder, Organic Wheat Grass powder, Organic Alfalfa powder, Organic Spinach powder, Organic Asparagus Powder, Organic Carrot Powder, Organic Beetroot Powder, Organic Green Amla Powder, Organic Green Ginger Powder, Organic Mint Leaves Powder, Organic Sweet Potato Powder, Organic Pumpkin Powder, Organic Stevia Leaf Powder)
  • MenaquinGold® (Vitamin K2-7 as MK-7 from fermented Chickpeas)
  • Vitamin A [as Beta-Carotene from Dunaliella salina (3840mcg) and Organic Whole Food Blend (960mcg)]
    Naturall-e™ (Vitamin E as d-Alpha-Tocopherol from Soya Oilseed)
  • Vitashine™ (Vitamin D3 as Cholecalciferol from Lichen)
  • Piper nigrum Extract
  • Capsule: HPMC vegetarian capsule

SUGGESTED USE:

The serving can either be split into two: 1 capsule can be taken after breakfast and 1 after lunch or the entire serving (2 capsules) can be consumed at once. 

Unived’s Plant-based Whole Food Multivitamins contain both fat soluble as well as water soluble vitamins thus we recommend to take it along with meal for superior absorption.

Unived’s Plant-Based Natural Whole Food Multivitamin VS Others

Supplement makers typically try to stuff as much as possible in a capsule, telling us that the more we take, the better it is for us. This is simply not the case. It is not necessarily the amount of a nutrient you ingest that is important, what’s more important is the form of the nutrient, the co-factors present, and the bio-availability.

Vitamins and minerals are not functionally separable. They make each other work. Mineral deficiencies can cause vitamin deficiencies, and vice versa. Whole food sources of vitamins contain within them many essential trace minerals and co-factors necessary for their synergistic operation.

Natural, whole food vitamins are functionally superior to synthetic vitamins as they tend to be preferentially absorbed and retained by the body.[1]

Unived Whole Based Multivitamins BioavailabilityNatural Whole Food Multivitamins

Vitamin A:

In nature vitamin A is largely found as an ester and is highly soluble in organic solvents. Precursor forms of vitamin A are those carotenoids that have the biological activity of vitamin A after intestinal conversions to retinol; the most important are beta-carotene, alpha-carotene and cryptoxanthin. New physiological functions of vitamin A have been identified in addition to its role in vision, namely its role in immune defense reducing morbidity of measles, of respiratory infections.[2]

  • In the eye vitamin A has a specific, highly complex function in dark vision.[2]
  • Extensive animal studies have shown that vitamin A is required for normal growth and development.[2]
  • Another function of vitamin A, often called the anti-infective vitamin, is protection against infections.[2]

Vitamin D3:

Vitamin D3 is essential for life in higher animals – Anthony Norman. D3 is the most natural form synthesized by human beings, when the sun’s UVB light strikes their skin.[3] The synthesis takes place photochemically with the help of provitamin D, 7-dehydrocholesterol, present in the epidermis or skin. A complex series of transformations of the provitamin result in the generation of Vitamin D3.[4]

In order to function within your body vitamin D3 is reduced to its metabolites including 1α, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (or 1,25-vitamin D3 for brevity). 

  • Vitamin D levels in adulthood are important for maintaining Bone mineral density (BMD). The primary risk factors for low BMD, osteoporosis, and osteopenia include vitamin D insufficiency.[5]
  • Another benefit of vitamin D is maintenance of optimal muscle strength.[5]
  • The elderly have a particularly strong need to maintain vitamin D sufficiency. Not only are they likely to produce less vitamin D from solar UVB irradiation their efficiency of photoproduction is less.[5]

Vitamin D is essential for the control of normal calcium and phosphate blood levels. It also plays an important role for the proper functioning of muscles, nerves and blood clotting and for normal bone formation and mineralisation. 

Vitamin E:

Vitamin E is the major lipid-soluble component in the cell, antioxidant defense system and is exclusively obtained from the diet. It has numerous important roles within the body because of its antioxidant activity. Oxidation has been linked to numerous possible conditions and diseases, including cancer, ageing, arthritis and cataracts; vitamin E has been shown to be effective against these.[6]

  • Prevention of oxidative stress.[6]
  • Protection of the cell membranes.[6]
  • Cardiovascular diseases: inhibitory effect on lipid peroxidation and the inhibition of human platelet aggregation.[6]
  • Possesses anti-cancer properties.[6]
  • Prevents Alzheimer’s disease: by preventing cell death.[6]
  • Enhances immunity.[6]

Vitamin K2-7:

Vitamin K is a unique nutrient produced within the body. However, it is not produced by the body but by beneficial microorganisms in the intestine. Experts strongly recommend vitamin K2 supplements to help ensure bone and heart health. 

  • Vitamin K2 is needed to activate a specific bone protein called osteocalcin, which is essential to bind calcium effectively to the bone matrix, keeping the bones dense and strong.[7]
  • Vitamin K2 is an important inducer of bone mineralisation in osteoblasts.[7]
  • Irregularities in calcium metabolism can lead to osteoporosis and cardio-vascular disease. Vitamin K2 is emerging as a key factor in regulating calcium in the body.[8]
  • Vitamin K2 fights heart disease by controlling calcium-regulating proteins in vascular tissue, which keeps calcium out of the arteries and prevents the formation of dangerous calcified plaques.[8]

Vitamin C:

Ascorbic acid is one of the important water soluble vitamins. It is essential for collagen, carnitine and neurotransmitters biosynthesis. However, apes and humans cannot synthesize ascorbic acid due to lack of an enzyme gulonolactone oxidase. Hence, ascorbic acid has to be supplemented mainly through fruits and vegetables. 

  • Ascorbic acid reduces common cold.[9]
  • Ascorbic acid promotes wound healing.[9]
  • Ascorbic acid reduces the risk of atherosclerosis.[9]
  • Vitamin C is an important dietary antioxidant.[9]

Unived Whole Food Multivitamin Everyday NutritionVITAMIN B COMPLEX:

Water-soluble vitamins are essential for normal growth and development as they are involved in many metabolic processes. Humans cannot synthesize many of these vitamins and, therefore, have to rely heavily on their exogenous intake. 

Thiamine (B1): Thiamine, also known as vitamin B1, is a water-soluble, B-complex vitamin necessary for metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. Thiamine is involved as a cofactor in numerous enzymes, and is essential in every cell for ATP production via the Krebs cycle. Thiamine deficiency, manifests as beriberi or Wernicke-Korsakoff psychosis. Thiamine plays a wide variety of major roles in the body, 

  • It improves cardiovascular health.[10,11]
  • Enhances mood and cognitive functions.[12,11]
  • Thiamine plays a neuro-modulatory role in the acetylcholine neurotransmitter system, contributes to the structure and function of cellular membranes, including neurons and neuroglia.[12]

Riboflavin (B2): Riboflavin is unique among the water-soluble vitamins. Biochemical signs of depletion arise within only a few days of dietary deprivation. Its most important biologically active forms, flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) and flavin mononucleotide (FMN), participate in a range of redox reactions, some of which are absolutely key to the function of aerobic cells.[13]

  • It is involved in energy production.[12]
  • It performs antioxidant functions.[12]
  • Promotes normal functions of brain.[13]
  • Riboflavin plays a role in erythropoiesis, improves iron absorption, and aids the mobilization of ferritin from tissues.[13]
  • Riboflavin does appear to play an essential role in prevention of cataract formation.[13]
  • Activation of pyridoxine to pyridoxal 5’-phosphate is dependent on FMN, and the synthesis of vitamin B12 is dependent on FAD.[13]

Niacin (B3): Niacinamide, also known as nicotinamide, is a water- soluble amide of nicotinic acid. Niacinamide is one of two principal forms of the B-complex vitamin B3. 

  • It has antioxidant effects.[12,14]
  • A vast array of processes and enzymes involved in every aspect of peripheral and brain cell function are dependent on niacin derived nucleotides (NAD) and (NADP).[12]
  • Involved in energy production.[12]
  • Possesses anti inflammatory properties.[14]
  • May be effective in reducing joint pain.[14]
  • Niacinamide has been used to treat several types of dermatological pathologies.[14]

Pantothenic Acid (B5): Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) is a water-soluble B-complex vitamin. Only the Dextrorotatory (D) isomer of pantothenic acid – D-pantothenic acid – possesses biologic activity. Mammals lack the enzyme for this synthetic step, so are unable to synthesize pantothenic acid.[15]

  • It has anti aging effects.[15]
  • Several reports exist on the use of pantothenic acid for persons with lupus erythematosus (skin inflammation/ rash).[15]
  • Also aids in arthritic conditions by significantly reducing morning stiffness, degree of disability, and severity of pain for persons taking pantothenic acid.[15]
  • Pantothenic acid is needed for adrenal function and might be involved in the adrenal response to stress.[15]
  • May also help in wound healing.[15]

Pyridoxine (B6): Pyridoxine is water soluble and stable in heat and acid mediums. Pyridoxine and its vitamers are absorbed in the upper small intestine by simple diffusion and transported to the liver for biotransformation into the active coenzyme P5P, which is then exported from the liver bound to albumin.[16]

  • It is likely to be of benefit in treating premenstrual symptoms, including premenstrual depression.[16]
  • Low folate and B6 levels are associated with high homocysteine levels increasing the risk of cardiovascular deseases.[16]

Biotin (B7): Biotin is a water-soluble B vitamin that is an essential cofactor for four carboxylase enzymes, each of which catalyzes an essential step in intermediary metabolism. Because humans and other mammals cannot synthesize biotin, it must be derived from dietary sources. Conditions that may benefit from biotin supplementation include dyslipidemia, brittle nails, diabetes, dermatitis, and candidiasis.[17]

  • Reduces the incidences of brittle nails called Onychoschizia.[17]
  • Biotin deficiency can cause alopecia and scaly, erythematous dermatitis distributed around body orifices.[17]
  • Poor biotin status adversely affects plasma lipid levels. Biotin resulted in significant decreases in triglycerides and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) in both diabetic and non-diabetic subjects compared to placebo.[17]
  • Acquired biotin deficiency and the disorders of biotin metabolism lead to a deficiency of the four biotin-dependent carboxylase enzymes (ie., multiple carboxylase deficiency).[17]

Folate (B9): is a member of the B-complex family of vitamins, and works in concert with vitamin B12, because humans cannot synthesize this compound, it is a dietary requirement. Folate deficiency can cause peripheral neuropathy, myelopathy, restless legs syndrome, insomnia, dementia, forgetfulness, irritability, endogenous depression, organic psychosis, and schizophrenia-like syndromes.[18]

  • Is instrumental in reducing homocysteine levels, reducing the risk of CVD.[18]
  • Has shows promise as part of a nutritional protocol to treat vitiligo, and may reduce inflammation of the gingiva.[18]
  • Has a long history of use in conjunction with vitamin B12 for the treatment of macrocytic anemia.[18]
  • May also aid peripheral blood flow by increasing nitric oxide (NO) in vascular endothelial cells.[18]
  • Lower serum and RBC folate concentrations have an association with depression, and deficiency might predict a poorer response to some antidepressant medications.[18]

Vitamin B12: Cyanocobalamin is one of the two coenzyme forms of vitamin B12 (the other being adenosylcobalamin). Vitamin B12 deficiency itself often causes disorientation and confusion and thus mimics some of the prominent symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. It helps maintain healthy nerve cells and red blood cells and is also needed to make DNA, the genetic material in all cells.[19]

  • Improves cognitive functions.[19]
  • Reduces the risk of CVD by reducing total homocysteine levels.[19]
  • Might improve the general well-being and happiness of patients complaining of tiredness or fatigue.[19]

Unived Whole Food Multivitamins - Fill In The GapsBIOENHANCER

Bioenhancers constitute an innovative concept the discovery of which was based on a traditional system of Indian medicine. A bioenhancer is an agent capable of enhancing bioavailability and bioefficacy of a particular ingredient with which it is combined, without any typical pharmacological activity of its own at the dose used.  

  • The bioenhancers improve nutritional status by increasing bioavailability/ bioefficacy of various nutraceuticals including metals and vitamins.[20]
  • The bioenhancing effects of piperine have been demonstrated in several other studies showing that piperine can improve the absorption of many nutrients. These include: vitamin C, selenium, beta-carotene, vitamin A, vitamin B6, coenzyme Q.[21]
  • They increase bioavailability of nutraceuticals by acting on gastrointestinal tract to enhance absorption.[20]
  • It also improved oral absorption of nutraceuticals like vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and certain herbal compounds. Their mechanism of action is mainly through absorption process, metabolism, and action on drug target. 
  • The serum response during oral β-carotene supplementation was increased up to 60% in presence of piperine.[20]

COFACTORS

These cofactor minerals help in the absorption of the vitamins either by converting these vitamins into their active forms or by activation of various transporters or carriers or by producing coenzymes that are responsible for the uptake of these vitamins. Deficiency of minerals will eventually result in deficiency of vitamins. Thus, Unived’s Plant-based Whole Food Multivitamins are packed with carefully selected minerals which are scientifically proven to help in utilization of certain vitamins. 

Magnesium: 

  • It is an important cofactor for the activation of a wide range of transporters and enzymes. The absorption of thiamine occurs in the duodenum by an active process and is converted to its active form thiamine pyrophosphate. This conversion process of thiamine to its active form requires magnesium as a cofactor, and hence hypomagnesaemia can mimic thiamine deficiency.[22]
  • Magnesium assists in the activation of vitamin D, which helps regulate calcium and phosphate homeostasis to influence the growth and maintenance of bones. All of the enzymes that metabolize vitamin D seem to require magnesium, which acts as a cofactor in the enzymatic reactions in the liver and kidneys. The bioactivity of vitamin D is a magnesium-dependent process.[23]
  • Pantothenic acid is used in CoA and acyl carrier proteins (ACP), which carry and transfer acetyl and acyl groups, respectively. The biosynthetic pathway begins with a phosphorylation reaction catalyzed by a magnesium-dependent enzyme – pantothenate kinase.[15]

Sodium:  

  • Sodium dependent multivitamin transporter (SMVT) is an electrogenic, highly sodium dependent carrier mediated system responsible for absorption of vitamins. It is an important transmembrane protein responsible for translocation of vitaminsxxiv. 
  • The Na+/multivitamin transporter (SMVT) is a member of the Solute Sodium Symporter (SSS) family that catalyzes the Na+-dependent uptake of the water-soluble vitamins pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) and biotin (vitamin H), α-lipoic acid and are therefore, essential for normal human health and developmentxxv. 
  • Humans cannot synthesize Vitamin C. Its intestinal transport occurs via a carrier-mediated Na+ dependent mechanism localized at the brush border membranexxvi. 
  • Pantothenic acid absorption occurs in the small intestine, and is sodium-dependent15. 

Zinc: 

  • Zinc status influences several aspects of vitamin A metabolism, including its absorption, transport, and utilization. Two common mechanisms postulated to explain this dependence relate to 1) the regulatory role of zinc in vitamin A transport mediated through protein synthesis, and 2) the oxidative conversion of retinol to retinal that requires the action of a zinc-dependent retinol dehydrogenase enzyme. Zinc deficiency may also impair synthesis of the protein opsinxxvii. 
  • The vitamin D receptor (VDR) binds zinc, and the activity of vitamin D dependent genes in cells is influenced by intracellular zinc concentrations. Zinc help vitamin D to work inside the cells. It is also important to ensure that the calcium from foods or supplements is used in your bones. Hence, low level of both Zn and VitD can affect many important body functionsxxviii. 
  • Zinc supplementation also has an effect on the metabolism of tryptophan conversion to niacin. 

FAQs 

Why do I need a vitamin supplement? Isn’t a good diet good enough? 

A healthy balanced diet provides essential nutrients, but nutritional deficiencies have become quite common, considering the kind of foods we eat. Not every diet is whole and not everyone eats a whole diet. Since most of these vitamins at not synthesized by the body it becomes essential to supplement these to make sure the body is getting enough supply to perform daily functions. 

What makes Unived’s Natural Whole Food Multivitamin the best Multivitamin? 

Most mineral and vitamin brands on the market are synthetic, synthetic vitamins are usually in the forms that the body does not recognize or the bioactivity is very little. These are provided in larger doses and usually contain fillers or other substances that the body cannot assimilate. Thus these substances may accumulate in the body and cause problems.  

Other natural vitamin and mineral brands do not focus on the use of minerals as cofactors; also not many natural vitamins brands are able to meet the recommended daily allowances. 

Unived’s Plant-based Natural Whole Food Multivitamin are natural whole food vitamins in their bioactive forms which makes it easier for the body to assimilate, and they have a longer half life in the body. Our Multivitamins strategically involves the use of certain minerals which are useful in the conversion of these vitamins in their active form, or activates the transporters or carries or produce coenzymes that are responsible for their absorption. It also contains piperine which is known to enhance absorption of various vitamins and minerals, thus making sure that you are able to utilize everything that is in the product. Synthetic vitamins lack these cofactor and co-nutrients. 

How and at what time should one take Unived’s Plant-based Whole Food Multivitamins? 

We recommend an adult to take 2 capsules daily, one post breakfast and one post lunch or both post lunch.

Will it cause any side effects? 

Unived’s Plant-based Natural Whole Food Multivitamin are made with all natural ingredients and has no known side effect.

Who can take Unived’s Plant-based Natural Whole Food Multivitamin? 

All adults who want to restore their vitamin balance and make sure that they get enough supply and meet their daily dose of vitamins. The product is suitable for vegans and vegetarians.

Can I take Unived’s Plant-Based Whole Food Complete B-Complex vitamin along with Unived’s Natural Whole Food Multivitamin? 

Unived’s Plant-based Natural Whole Food Multivitamin contains the B-Complex vitamins in quantities that are enough to meet 100% of the RDA of most B-Comlpex vitamins so there is no need to supplement the two together.

As with all dietary supplements, you must consult your physician or doctor before consumption.

REFERENCES:

[1] Goran Nikolic, et. al., “Misconceptions about nutritional supplements and modern diseases”, Misconceptions about nutritional supplements and modern diseases (2015) 4 (1) 34-47.

[2] Helga Jerster, “Vitamin A- functions, dietary requirements and safety in human”, Internat. J. Vit. Nutr. Res. 67 (1997), Hogrefe and Huber publisher.

[3] Rathish Nair & Arun Maseeh, “Vitamin D: The sunshine vitamin‘, Journal of Pharmacology and Pharmacotherapeutics”, April-Jun 2012, vol. 3(2), pg. 118-126.

[4] Anthony Norman, “From Vitamin D to Hormone D: Fundamentals of the vitamin D endocrine system essential for good health”, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Aug 2008, vol. 88(2), pg. 491S-499S.

[5] William B. Grant , et. al., “Benefits and Requirements of Vitamin D for Optimal Health: A Review”, Alternative Medicine Review Volume 10, Number 2, 2005

[6] Saliha Rizvi, et. al., “The Role of Vitamin E in Human Health and Some Diseases”, SQU Medical Journal, Volume 14, Issue 2, May 2014.

[7] Steven Plaza & Davis Lamson, “Vitamin K2 in Bone Metabolism and Osteoporosis”, Alternative Medicine Review, 2005, vol. 10 (1), pg. 24-35.

[8] William Davis MD, “Protecting Bone and Arterial Health with Vitamin K2”, Life Extension Magazine, March 2008.

[9] K Akhilender Naidu, “Vitamin C in human health and disease is still a mystery? An overview”, Nutrition Journal 2003 BioMed Central Ltd.

[10] James J. DiNicolantonio, “Effects of Thiamine on Cardiac Function in Patients With Systolic Heart Failure: Systematic Review and Metaanalysis of Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Trials”, The Ochsner Journal 13:495499, 2013 Academic Division of Ochsner Clinic Foundation.

[11] “Thiamine monograph”, alternative medicine review volume 8, Number 1, 2003.

[12] David O. Kennedy, “B Vitamins and the Brain: Mechanisms, Dose and Efficacy—A Review”, Nutrients 2016, 8, 68; doi:10.3390/nu8020068.

[13] “Riboflavin monograph”, alternative medicine review volume 13, Number 4 2008.

[14] “Niacin monograph”, Alternative Medicine Review Volume 7, Number 6 2002.

[15] “Pantothenic acid monograph”, Alternative Medicine Review, Volume 16, Number 3.

[16] “Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine; Pyridoxal 5′- Phosphate) monograph”, Alternative Medicine Review Volume 6, Number 1, 2001.

[17] “Biotin monograph”, Alternative Medicine Review Volume 12, Number 1 2007.

[18] “Folic acid monograph”, Alternative Medicine Review Volume 10, Number 3 2005.

[19] “Vitamin B12”, Natural Standard Bottom Line Monograph 2009.

[20] Ghanshyam B, et. al., “A Comprehensive Review on Pharmacotherapeutics of Herbal Bioenhancers”, The Scientific World Journal Volume 2012, Article ID 637953.

[21] Navin Atal, K. L. Bedi, “Bioenhancers: Revolutionary concept to market”, Journal of Ayurveda & Integrative Medicine, April 2010, Vol 1, Issue 2.

[22] Kenneth Osiezagha, Md; Shahid Ali, Md; C. Freeman, Md; et. al., “Thiamine Deficiency and Delirium”, Innovations in clinical neuroscience, april 2013 volume 10, Number 4.

[23] Anne Marie Uwitonze, et. al., “Role of Magnesium in Vitamin D Activation and Function”, The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association, March 2018, Vol 118, No. 3.

[24] “Niacin monograph”, Alternative Medicine Review Volume 7, Number 6 2002.

[25] William B. Grant , et. al., “Benefits and Requirements of Vitamin D for Optimal Health: A Review”, Alternative Medicine Review Volume 10, Number 2, 2005.

[26] Pawel R. Kiela et. al., “Physiology of Intestinal Absorption and Secretion”, Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2016 April ; 30(2): 145–159.

[27] Parul Christian and Keith P West Jr., “Interactions between zinc and vitamin A: an update”, Am J Clin Nutr 1998;68 (suppl): 435S–41S.

[28] Shams B, et. al., “The relationship of serum vitamin D and Zinc in a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents: The CASPIAN-III study”, Med J Islam Repub Iran 2016 (18 October). Vol. 30:430.

[29] Graham W Burton, et. al., “Human plasma and tissue a-tocopherol concentrations in response to supplementation with deuterated natural and synthetic vitamin E1–5”, Am J Clin Nutr 1998; 67:669–84.

[30] Anitra C. Carr and Margreet C. M. Vissers ―Synthetic or Food Derived Vitamin C—Are They Equally Bioavailable?‖, Nutrients 2013, 5, 4284-4304;

[31] Eleonora Nucera, et. al., ―Hypersensitivity reactions to folic acid: Three case reports and a review of the literature‖, International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology Volume 32: 1–3, 2018.

[32] Leon J. Schurgers, et. al., ―Vitamin K–containing dietary supplements: comparison of synthetic vitamin K1 and natto-derived menaquinone-7‖, Blood, 15 April 2007 Volume 109, Number 8.

Additional information

Weight0.141 lbs
Dimensions2.17 × 2.17 × 3.94 in